Index to "Lemkivshchyna, a Ukrainian Ethnic Group"
This is the history, culture, customs and industry of Lemkos; as presented in the book "Lemkivshchyna in the art work of Vasyl Madzelan" with a commentary for each woodcut by Semen Madzelan.
- Lyakhy - Old name for Poles
- Sobitka - Summer festivity
- "Great Mud Puddle" - Émigré for Atlantic Ocean
- Tallerhof - Austrian City. World War I concentration camp
- "Wisla" - Genocidal action of Poland following World War II
- JAWORZNO Concentration Camp for Ukrainians in Poland, 1947 - 1949 The Jaworzno concentration camp (officially called the Central Labor Camp in Jaworzno) was one of the repressive methods used by the Polish authorities against the Ukrainian population during and after Operation "Wisla." It was located on the site of the infamous concentration camp SS-Lager Dachsgrube - a branch of the Auschwitz KZ-Lager near Krakow. The entire infrastructure of the Auschwitz concentration camp was utilized, along with the same methods of physical and mental torture and abuse inflicted upon the imprisoned. The German methods were supplemented by the Soviet slave Labor camp practices and experiences. The area of the camp contained 14 typical barracks, the same as were used in Auschwitz, baths, a kitchen, and a sanitary barrack. The security of the camp was composed of 12 brick watchtowers as well as double rows of barbed wire connected to a high voltage source. From one side the camp there was a 3-meter-high brick wall. The camp was guarded by a detachment of the Polish Internal Security Forces. Almost 4,000 Ukrainians were prisoners of the camp, including more than 800 women and 20 children. In order to speed up the process of denationalization, almost the entire Ukrainian intelligentsia were arrested and imprisoned in the camp. As a result of torture, hunger, and inhumane conditions more than 160 Ukrainians died in the camp.
- Lemko commemoration of expulsion by action "Wisla" from their homeland in Carpathian Mountains
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Copyright © 1997 Jon W. Madzelan
This Home Page was created on Thursday, April 10, 1997
Most recent revision 8/10/2010
English translation by Tania & Walter Maksimovich